Modern Christian Thought: The Enlightment And the Nineteenth Century


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Good summaries of important theological thinkers. I read this book as part of a class and it was most helpful, insofar as it goes.

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Great springboard for further reading. Stephen Ramsay rated it it was ok Aug 07, Buergermania rated it really liked it May 22, Lance Presley rated it liked it Oct 10, Eli Suddarth rated it really liked it Jul 07, Joshua Lay rated it liked it Mar 03, Charles Williams rated it it was amazing Nov 15, Michael Heyes rated it it was amazing Dec 25, Josh rated it really liked it Jul 16, Andrew rated it really liked it Jan 31, Frans Karlsson rated it really liked it Jan 10, Darren M. Joshua rated it liked it Jun 13, KJ rated it really liked it Jun 02, Brandy rated it really liked it Jul 21, Sean Norris rated it liked it Dec 30, Timothy Brown rated it really liked it Feb 19, Nathan rated it it was ok Sep 02, Chris Jones rated it it was amazing Aug 09, Jeff rated it really liked it Jan 01, Mike rated it liked it Jun 19, Ted Morgan rated it it was amazing Jan 26, The sources of religious authority recognized by liberal Protestants differed from traditional Protestants.

Traditional Protestants understood the Bible to be uniquely authoritative sola scriptura ; all doctrine, teaching and the church itself derive authority from it. In its place, liberals identified the historical Jesus as the "real canon of the Christian church". The two groups also disagreed on the role of experience in confirming truth claims. Traditional Protestants believed scripture and revelation always confirmed human experience and reason. For liberal Protestants, there were two ultimate sources of religious authority: the Christian experience of God as revealed in Jesus Christ and universal human experience.

Modern Christian Thought Vol. 1: The Enlightenment and the Nineteenth Century

In other words, only an appeal to common human reason and experience could confirm the truth claims of Christianity. Liberals abandoned or reinterpreted traditional doctrines in light of recent knowledge. For example, the traditional doctrine of original sin was rejected for being derived from Augustine of Hippo , whose views on the New Testament were believed to have been distorted by his involvement with Manichaeism. Christology was also reinterpreted. Liberals stressed Christ's humanity , and his divinity became "an affirmation of Jesus exemplifying qualities which humanity as a whole could hope to emulate".

As a result, liberal Christians placed less emphasis on miraculous events associated with the life of Jesus than on his teachings. The effort to remove " superstitious " elements from Christian faith dates to intellectually reforming Renaissance Christians such as Erasmus who compiled the first modern Greek New Testament in the late 15th and early-to-mid 16th centuries, and, later, the natural-religion view of the Deists , which disavowed any revealed religion or interaction between the Creator and the creation, in the 17—18th centuries.

Nineteenth-century liberalism had an optimism about the future in which humanity would continue to achieve greater progress. Reformed theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher is often considered the father of liberal Protestantism. In Schleiermacher's theology, religion is a feeling of absolute dependence on God.

Christianity in the 19th century - Wikipedia

Humanity is conscious of its own sin and its need of redemption, which can only be accomplished by Jesus Christ. For Schleirmacher, faith is experienced within a faith community, never in isolation. This meant that theology always reflects a particular religious context, which has opened Schleirmacher to charges of relativism.

Albrecht Ritschl disagreed with Schleiermacher's emphasis on feeling. He thought that religious belief should be based on history, specifically the historical events of the New Testament.

He rejected doctrines such as the virgin birth of Jesus and the Trinity. Catholic forms of theological liberalism have existed since the 19th century in England, France and Italy. Modernist theologians approved of radical biblical criticism and were willing to question traditional Christian doctrines, especially Christology. They also emphasized the ethical aspects of Christianity over its theological ones. Important modernist writers include Alfred Loisy and George Tyrrell.


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Papal condemnation of modernism and Americanism slowed the development of a liberal Catholic tradition in the United States. Since the Second Vatican Council , however, liberal theology has experienced a resurgence.

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Liberal Christianity was most influential with Mainline Protestant churches in the early 20th century, when proponents believed the changes it would bring would be the future of the Christian church. Its greatest and most influential manifestation was the Christian Social Gospel , whose most influential spokesman was the American Baptist Walter Rauschenbusch. Bestselling Series.

Modern Christian Thought Volume 1 The Enlightenment and the Nineteenth Century 2nd Revised edition

Harry Potter. Popular Features. New Releases. Categories: Christian Books Christian Theology. Notify me. Description This is the second edition of a widely acclaimed introduction to modern Christian thought originally published by Prentice Hall in It presents full scholarly accounts of the major movements, thinkers, theologians and philosophers in the Christian tradition since the 18th century Enlightenment.

Modern Christian Thought: The Enlightment And the Nineteenth Century Modern Christian Thought: The Enlightment And the Nineteenth Century
Modern Christian Thought: The Enlightment And the Nineteenth Century Modern Christian Thought: The Enlightment And the Nineteenth Century
Modern Christian Thought: The Enlightment And the Nineteenth Century Modern Christian Thought: The Enlightment And the Nineteenth Century
Modern Christian Thought: The Enlightment And the Nineteenth Century Modern Christian Thought: The Enlightment And the Nineteenth Century
Modern Christian Thought: The Enlightment And the Nineteenth Century Modern Christian Thought: The Enlightment And the Nineteenth Century
Modern Christian Thought: The Enlightment And the Nineteenth Century Modern Christian Thought: The Enlightment And the Nineteenth Century

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